Penalty is the act and consequence of penalizing . East verb (penalize ), meanwhile, refers to apply a penalty or punishment .
In the field of sport when a player violates the regulation of his discipline receives a penalty. The judge or referee who is in charge of controlling the development of the game is entitled to interrupt the actions and apply the penalty corresponding to the foul.
Take the case of soccer . Field players cannot touch the ball with their hands, since that implies a violation of the rules. Therefore, if a player commits such a foul, the referee applies a penalty consisting of giving a free kick to the opposing team. In addition, the offender, depending on the circumstances, may be punished with yellow card or Red card .
Suppose a defender, to prevent the opponent from marking a goal , stop the ball with your left hand before it enters the goal (goal). Since this player was located within the area of his team, the judge charges penalty kick , also known simply as penal or penalty .
In the races of motoring and motorcycling Meanwhile, penalties for pilots who do not respect the rules usually include adding seconds to their weather or the obligation to stop for a certain period of time.
Shops, on the other hand, can be penalized in different ways. Yes in one city the sale of alcoholic beverages after 21 hours is prohibited and a market violates the norm, the establishment in question has a penalty.