Before entering to know the meaning of the term water pump, we will establish the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Pump derived from Latin, specifically "bombus" that can be translated as "loud sound" or "intense sound." In the same way, it should be stressed that he, in turn, derives from the Greek "drums".
-Water, on the other hand, also has its origin in Latin. In its specific case, it comes from “aqua”, which means “water”.
The term bomb It is a concept that can be used in several ways: today we will focus on its meaning as the machine that favors the impulse of a liquid in a certain direction. Water On the other hand, it is an odorless, colorless and tasteless substance whose molecules are composed of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom (H2O ).
It is called Water Pump to the device that manages to convert the mechanical energy that enables its operation into energy of an incompressible fluid that it manages to displace. When the energy of the fluid (water) increases, it also increases its Pressure , its height or its speed.
Also calls hydraulic bombs , water pumps are used to move the liquid from a site of lower altitude or pressure to a place with higher altitude or pressure. This means that a water pump can help draw water from a well or to bring water to the highest floors of a building .
The suction pump It is one of the simplest water pumps. These artifacts have a cylinder equipped with a mobile piston , linked to the water source through a tube . A valve On the other hand, it prevents the tube from entering the cylinder. This valve opens to the top, causing the water to rise, but not lower. A second valve In the mobile piston it has the same operation. In this way, when the person It makes use of the crank of the suction-type water pump, the piston rises and increases the volume under it, causing the pressure to decrease. The air pressure affects the water of the well and causes the liquid to rise through the tube, entering the cylinder. Each time the piston drops, the first valve closes while the second one opens. Thus the water passes to the upper sector of the piston and the cylinder.
It is important to know that a long list of water pumps can be found in the market. Thus, it is established that one or the other will have to be chosen based on the utility that will be given. In this way, it will not be necessary to empty a room that is flooded than to draw water from a well, to water a garden or to get a water supply.
Thus, for example, among the varieties that exist we can highlight, for example, submersible clean water pumps, which must be used to work with water that has what are particles smaller than 0.5 millimeters. On the other hand, there are the submersible dirty water pumps that are the ones that will allow to empty a water stay provided that this liquid is made up of particles between 0.5 to 35 millimeters.
In the event that what is desired is to extract water from a well with a depth of less than 8 meters, surface pumps, motor pumps or the aforementioned submersible clean water pumps may be used.