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Endocrine system

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It is known as system to the ordered module of interrelated elements that interact with each other . These elements can be real (physical) or conceptual (abstract).

Endocrine , meanwhile, is an adjective that is used in the biology to name that pertaining to or related to hormones or internal secretions . Applied to a gland, the term refers to those that pour products that they secrete directly into the blood .

He endocrine system , therefore, is formed by the set of internal secretion glands . Its components are organs that secrete hormones, which are poured into the bloodstream and are responsible for regulating the various functions of the body.

Growth, metabolism, tissue functions and mood, for example, are regulated by hormones. The endocrine system allows cellular communication that, before stimuli , responds releasing hormones and promoting the different metabolic functions of the organism.

Among the glands that are part of the endocrine system, it is possible to highlight the thyroid , the hypophysis and the adrenal . The thyroid gland It is located in the front of the neck, over the trachea. It is composed of two lobes joined by an isthmus, produces proteins and regulates body sensitivity to other hormones.

The hypophysis , also known as the pituitary gland, is found at the base of the skull and has the function of regulating homeostasis. The Kidney glands , on the other hand, are above the kidneys and are responsible for regulating the response to the stress from the synthesis of catocholamines and corticosteroids.

Next, two of the diseases of the best known endocrine system:

Diabetes

The main feature of the diabetes It is the presence of very high blood glucose levels. Insulin is the hormone responsible for ensuring that cells get the energy they need from the glucose that enters the body through the food we eat.

It is possible to talk about Diabetes type 1, when the body does not generate insulin, and type 2 diabetes (more common than the first) if insulin is not produced or used properly by the body. The prediabetesOn the other hand, it occurs when sugar levels are higher than normal, although not as much as in diabetes.

This disease of the endocrine system can have serious consequences on the organism, among which are injuries to the kidneys, nerves and eyes, in addition to heart disease, amputation of some limb and strokes.

To detect the presence of diabetes it is possible to request a blood test, and for its control it is advisable to keep fit and follow a diet healthy and balanced, paying attention at all times to the level of blood glucose.

Obesity

While many people do not consider the obesity It is a disease, it is and can have serious repercussions on our health. Simply put, it is an excess of fat in the body, and should not be confused with the overweight, a situation that can occur due to the combination of muscle mass, bone size, and water in the body, in addition to fat. On the other hand, neither condition is healthy.

How do you get to suffer from obesity? Ingesting calories in amounts greater than those consumed by the organism, although this proportion is different in each individual. Frequent physical activity and a diet free of saturated fats is a good start to avoid this disease of the endocrine system.

It is important to note that obesity increases the risk of stroke, certain types of cancer, heart disease, arthritis and diabetes.

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