The English word bionic, composed of the words bio and electronic, came to our language as bionic . The concept may refer to the artificial organ production which, by electromechanical mechanisms, mimic the functioning of the natural ones. Bionics also refers to the action of applying knowledge of the phenomena of biology to the mechanical and electronic systems .
Engineering, design and architecture are some of the sciences and of the disciplines that are nourished by the solutions and knowledge of bionics. Its resources make it possible to simulate the behavior of living organisms.
It can be said that bionics starts from the principle that living beings are comparable to highly complex machines . They have numerous instruments of different types that allow them to react to stimuli. That is why it is possible to aspire to the creation of machines that work in a manner similar to that of living organisms, and even have the ability to "to learn" New behaviors
It is usually named Leonardo da Vinci as a precursor to bionics, since he applied his knowledge about living things in the design of different kinds of devices and machines. Over the years the development of prosthesis and of artificial organs it became habitual, while progress was also made in the field of artificial intelligence (which pursues the creation of systems that can solve different situations by themselves, autonomously).
It is known as bionic engineering to the specialization of the engineering focused on the production of technological tools that simulate the functioning or form of living beings. Its mission is that electronic systems and biological systems can work together.
This term is part of the title of one of the series Most successful TV shows of the 70s: The bionic woman. It emerged as a series derived from The six million dollar man (name he received in Spain The Six Million Dollar Man, which in the rest of the Spanish-speaking countries was called The nuclear man).
The series tells the story of a professional tennis player in the prime of her career called Jaimie Sommers , played by the actress Linday Wagner , who suffers a terrible parachute accident with serious consequences, such as the loss of his legs and an arm. An American government official and a doctor, Oscar Goldman and Rudy Wells, respectively, conduct a experiment through which two legs, an orthopedic arm and ear are implanted that make it a being with superhuman abilities.
The bionic woman was able to run at speeds much higher than those of a normal human being, possessed an enormous force on her arm orthopedic and he could hear conversations over great distances with his new ear. The development of the series was in charge of Kenneth Johnson, a screenwriter who created the character in 1975. The transmission began the following year, and extended over three seasons (the first two by ABC, and the last, by NBC, two big-name television networks).
Despite the short duration of the series and belonging to a very remote era, there are many fans who still remember her and pay homage to her. For example, in the year 2000 it was named The Cryonic Woman to an episode of the second season of Futurama, a series of TV animated of Matt Groening , the creator of The Simpson, which shows the life of a young pizza delivery man who is trapped in a cryogenic capsule by mistake and wakes up a millennium later.