The public security It implies that citizens of the same region can live in harmony, each respecting the individual rights of the other. He State It is the guarantor of public safety and the maximum responsible for avoiding alterations of the social order .
In this sense, public safety is a service that must be universal (has to reach all people ) to protect the physical integrity of citizens and their property. For this, there are security forces (like the police), who work together with the Power of attorney .
Public security forces must prevent the commission of crimes and repress them once they are ongoing. It is also the function of the security forces to prosecute criminals and deliver them to the Justice , which will be responsible for establishing the corresponding penalties according to the law.
In this sense, it is necessary to highlight entities or organizations from all over the world that are responsible for carrying out the pertinent actions to ensure that the citizens of a specific area or country are safe from criminal acts and live in harmony. Thus, for example, in Mexico there is a National Public Security System that, among other things, carries out the distribution of the powers that municipalities or the Federal State itself have in this matter.
In 1994, the origin of said Mexican organization is established, which establishes a public security policy, regulates the procedures for incorporating people into the security forces and bodies, controls the databases on said personnel and also on criminal statistics and executes all the established security policies.
In the same way, it should not be forgotten that in Spain there are several entities that not only are responsible for developing policies and actions in the field of public safety but also undertake the improvement of professionals working in that area. This would be the case, for example, of the School of Public Security of Andalusia (ESPA) that daily undertakes the implementation of workshops, courses and technical conferences with the clear objective that police or firefighters, among other professionals, update their knowledge and improve their skills for a better quality of life for local citizens.
Usually the big cities They suffer public safety problems, presenting high crime rates. In contrast, small towns often offer better security conditions.
This, in a way, is linked to mass, since the millions of inhabitants of a city become anonymous. In villages, a person is less likely to be able to commit a crime without anyone knowing.
Public safety also depends on the effectiveness of the police, the functioning of the Judiciary, state policies and Social conditions . The debate regarding the incidence of poverty In insecurity it is always controversial, although most specialists establish a relationship between the poverty rate and the number of crimes.