Tapial It is a concept with several uses. It can be about Wall that is built with kneaded land or of the mold that allows to develop one of these walls, also known as tapias .
The walls are walls formed with clay soil that compacts through the system known as formwork . With wood planks or metal plates arranged in parallel, land is introduced between them. The earth is compacted with the help of a tool known as tamper. Then the position of the formwork is changed until the tapial is formed.
Once the process is completed, the tapial is sun dried. Finally, the windows and doors are developed by a chisel (a instrument which is used to style various materials).
The tapial is characterized by its ability to keep heat or cold as it is an effective insulator. It also offers good sound insulation. Among the negative points of the tapestries, it should be noted that they usually break apart with the running of the weather .
It is possible to find buildings with tapestries in various countries, such as Spain , Argentina , Brazil , Paraguay , Morocco and Iran . As its construction does not require technology advanced, the tapestries are quite economical.
It is worth mentioning that the tapial is one of the preferred options of those who pursue construction sustainable , that is, the one that reduces the environmental impact caused by the building, use and demolition processes. The reasons that make the tapial so convenient are several; In the first place, it can be constructed with various materials, all of them economical and easy to obtain. On the other hand, it does not require machines to complete the process, as it could be considered handmade.
Despite not being the most suitable method for large constructions, the tapial offers sufficient strength for a three-story building; This is because the walls can be manufactured with a considerable thickness and fortified with certain additives, among which is straw (used to make it more stable), small stones, sticks or reeds (which increase its resistance and, in the case of the reeds, the elasticity of the wall without adding too much weight).
Water is one of the main enemies of the tapial, since this type of wall absorbs it very easily . For this reason, one of the most widespread tips to combat degradation it is to place the wall on a stone base; in this way it is possible to extend the stability of the structure.
In addition to insulation against cold, heat and noise, the tapial has other advantages worth mentioning: it is not flammable; It is very impact resistant; isolates high frequency electromagnetic radiation and, consequently, protects living beings from their negative effects; prevents excess moisture inside the building .
With regard to the etymology of the word tapial, which leads us to tapia, it is very interesting to discover that some scholars point to an onomatopoeia; The word we use today as a synonym for a wall built to contain a piece of land may have a pre-Roman origin and have emerged from the "tap!" voice, which mimicked the sound produced by kneading the materials during its manufacture. The oldest evidence of the term tapia in a document dates from the year 1109.
Notably Tapiales is the first name from a town that is in the Argentine province of Buenos Aires . Pertaining to La Matanza Party , It was founded in 1902 and currently has more than 15,000 inhabitants . Among the famous tapialenses, are the football technical director and former player Ricardo Gareca , the tennis player Guillermo Cañas , the cyclist Walter Pérez and the singer "Duck" Fontanet .