The notion of risk it relates to the imminence, contiguity or closeness of a potential damage . The term, therefore, is linked to the possibility of damage being realized. Social , on the other hand, is that relative to the society (the group of individuals that interact with each other and share the same culture).
It is understood by social risk to the possibility that a person suffer damage that has its origin in a social cause. This means that social risk depends on the conditions of the environment surrounding the individual.
Economic conditions, lack of access to education , family problems and environmental pollution are just some of the circumstances that can generate a social risk.
Typically, social risk is considered in relation to a group of people. In a neighborhood with a high penetration of drugs and with a high unemployment rate , the neighbors will be at social risk. There are great possibilities that the combination between drug trafficking, addiction and lack of job it leads to an increase in insecurity, with cases of robberies, murders, etc.
Social risk, in other words, implies the existence of something that could result in a group of people being marginalized from society . If in a community children do not have access to schools, these children are at social risk: they will grow up without the necessary training to integrate into the world of work and, therefore, will not have the possibility of earning their livelihood.
Given the possibility that social risk exists in a population - something that is inevitable - it is necessary to take more than one measure, the two extremes being prevention and the search for solutions . The starting point of all research related to this topic should always be the childrearing environment; Whether they live with their parents, relatives or legal guardians, precautions never seem to be enough, because the abuse It can happen - and it happens - in all areas.
For those children who have access to school education, teachers play a fundamental role in the detection of any anomalous sign in its development , especially as regards manifestations of physical or psychological aggression. As psychology has shown us on more than one occasion, the first years of life are crucial in our training , and that is why it is so important to take care of the little ones to attack any social problems (although this does not mean that adults must be neglected).
Many times, social risk begins not by direct aggression, such as sexual abuse or physical abuse, but by negligence , and this can have worse consequences than any other type of damage. In childhood, human beings are very dependent on our elders, not only to feed us and protect us from the outside world, but to show us that our existence is important to them, that we were born in a place where our presence makes a difference.
Having said that, for a risk to exist, a need must be neglected first; let's see below some of the needs basic physiological of people: food; hygiene; physical activity; healthcare; stimulation of the senses; emotional security On the other hand, let's take a look at the corresponding situations that speak of a social risk: malnutrition or insufficient diet for age; parasites; body immobility and lack of activity; cause symptoms, avoid vaccination campaigns and medical checks; lack of exposure to reading and writing; rejection.