In order to begin to know the meaning of the term baritone, we will establish, first, what is its etymological origin. In this case, it should be stated that it is an Italian word that, in turn, derives from the Greek. Exactly it comes from "baritones" that is formed by two clearly defined components:
-The adjective "barys", which is synonymous with "heavy."
-The noun "tones", which can be translated as "tone".
The baritone is called the voice that is among the voice of tenor and the voice of low . The concept is also used to name the individual who has this kind of voice.
The tessitura It is the quality that determines whether a voice is baritone or otherwise. The notion refers to the extension (the interval between the loudest and the most serious sound) of the sounds of a certain frequency that the instrument or the voice in question can emit.
The baritone can emit bass lighter than the bass and treble darker than the tenor. It is possible, on the other hand, to distinguish between different types of baritones. He dramatic baritone It is characterized by force and performance in the bass sector. He light baritone , on the other hand, stands out for the power of the treble, although it exhibits weakness in the bass.
He baritenor , he Verdian baritone , he baritone Martin , he low-baritone and the baritone buffo they are other baritones that identify the experts. Also true instruments Musicals are identified as baritones, such as the baritone saxophone and the baritone oboe, among others.
The Spanish Placido Domingo , the American Frank Sinatra , English Robbie williams and the Puerto Rican Ricky Martin they are some singers who have shown a baritone voice and who have succeeded in different genres of the music .
Many are the baritones that have left their mark on the world of music. However, among the most important in history we can highlight some such as:
-The Italian Tito Gobbi (1915 - 1984), who performed numerous operas although he was especially praised for his role as Figaro.
-The also Italian Renato Bruson (1936), who managed to be a reference, above all and above all, for his ability to tune.
-The German Hans Hotter, who achieved a great international projection.
-The Italian Ettore Bastianini (1922 - 1967), who was born in Siena. His charisma, vocal quality and attractiveness made this baritone one of the most recognized of his time.
-Piero Cappuccilli (1926 - 2005) was another renowned Italian baritone and has become a benchmark in the world of opera. Specifically, there are those who consider it the best baritone that has interpreted any Verdi work.
-Leo Nucci (1942), which has risen to the stages of the largest cities in the world. He stood out especially for his role as Rigoletto.