The term bones comes from medieval latin ossamenta, in turn derived from ossa (which can be translated as "bones" ). This is the name of skeleton : the set of elements of great hardness that, articulated and linked together, provide consistency to the body of an animal and protect its organs.
Osamenta and skeleton, therefore, are synonyms. The notion of bones can also be used to refer to a group of bones loose .
The bones can be considered as a biological system It fulfills multiple functions. Locomotion, for example, is possible thanks to the skeleton, which also provides support and support to muscles and to soft tissues.
The bones that develop the bone are formed with osteocytes , mature cells that derive from osteoblasts . The composition of the bone pieces includes minerals that give it resistance.
In the case of human bones, it is formed by 206 bones in adulthood These bones are linked to muscles, tendons and ligaments.
It is estimated that the skeleton represents the 12% of the weight of a person . Bones can be qualified as short , long , irregular or blueprints according to its characteristics.
It should be noted that it is common to use the concept of bones to refer to the bones that appear in some ground . In this case, it does not specifically refer to a complete or armed skeleton: “The owner of a field found a bone that could be human”, “The workers, while building the new road, discovered a bone just a few meters from the stream”, "The police found a human skeleton when digging in the garden of the house".