The orthorexia is a eating disorder characterized by obsession towards a certain food or a set of them. The person can eliminate these foods absolutely or, conversely, consume only those products, depending on whether they consider them healthy or not.
Steven Bratman It was he who coined the term when investigating this kind of disturbance. While those who suffer anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa they care about calories and the quantity of food, individuals with orthorexia look at their quality .
Due to the restrictions they establish in their subsistence allowance , subjects with orthorexia tend to be malnourished , since they exclude essential nutrients to maintain a good state of health. Who has orthorexia can discard all foods with preservatives or fats, for example, or ingest only organic products, to mention two possibilities.
To treat orthorexia, specialists recommend the formation of an interdisciplinary group with psychiatrists , psychologists and clinical doctors . The patient must attend periodic meetings and be accompanied by their family .
It is important to mention that the concept of orthorexia has received criticism from different experts. For many, the intention of adopting a healthy diet, leaving aside the most harmful foods for organism , it brings more benefits than inconveniences and does not necessarily reflect the existence of a psychological problem.
At first, orthorexia was linked to athletes , since their need for physical care is greater than in the rest of the people. However, over time it was considered that athletes and those who do not sports They face the same risk of getting orthorexia.