A Organization chart is a scheme of the organization of a company , entity or activity. The term is also used to name the graphic representation of the operations carried out within the framework of an industrial or computer process.
An organization chart allows you to analyze the structure of the organization represented and fulfills an informative role, by offering data on the general characteristics of the organization.
Organization charts can include the names of people that direct each department or division of the entity, to explain the hierarchical relationships and competencies in force.
In this way, the flowcharts must represent in a graphic or schematic way the different hierarchy levels and the relationship between them. They don't have to go into detail, but their mission is to offer information Easy to understand and simple to use.
Three types of organization chart can be mentioned. The general organizational charts they are those that offer a simplified view of the organization, since they only display the most important information. The analytical organization charts Instead, they show more detailed data and are more specific. Finally, the supplementary organizational charts They are a complement to analytics.
However, although this is a generalized classification of the types of existing organizational charts based on what are the functions performed in each area, we cannot ignore the fact that there is another typology that revolves around what It is the structure of those. Starting from this premise we find the following types:
Horizontal organization chart It is characterized by the fact that in it what the hierarchies are are shown from left to right.
Vertical organization chart In their case, the aforementioned hierarchies are presented in the form of a pyramid, that is, the most important authority will be above and the worker with less decision power will be below.
Circular organization chart The center of it is the most important authority within the entity or company and, starting from it, the circles that represent the rest of its members are formed based on their power and position.
Mixed organization chart This type is characterized by being a mixture of the first two types mentioned.
Scalar organization chart. The main sign of identity that identifies this kind of organization chart is that the authority is associated with the indentations in such a way that the more indented a person has within that less power he will have within the company.
In addition to all of the above we can say that any company, entity or institution has its own organization chart. Thus, there is the same in any municipality as in any private company or in various government ministries.
It is important to keep in mind that no organization chart can be fixed or invariable. That is, an organizational chart is a kind of photograph of the structure of an organization in a given moment . With the passage of time, the entire existing structure and relationships undergo changes, which must be reflected with organizational chart updates or even with the design and development of a completely new organization chart that leaves the previous one without value.