Order , which comes from the Latin word ordo, is the location of objects in their corresponding site . The concept is also used to mention the proper disposition of things, a certain succession of them and the link of something with respect to something else.
Public On the other hand, it is something that is evident, ostensible or visible to any person . The group of individuals gathered in a certain space for a certain purpose is also called the public. It is known as public order to the spectrum formed by the entities and the principles that regulate the organization of a society and that inspires the legal system .
For example: “The police must be in charge of maintaining public order and avoiding incidents”, “An Argentine was arrested in Moscow for altering public order”, “This city is not characterized by respect for public order”.
The notion of public order encompasses various legal principles, such as the Constitution decade State and other regulations. At a general level, it can be said that the legal order is one that arises as an imposition of the authorities and that, due to its characteristics, acts as a limit to the freedom of Humans .
This means that it is considered that among the actions that go against the maintenance of that public order, for the benefit of each and every citizen, is the carrying out alterations of different types, violent actions or making night noises that alter the rest and tranquility of people.
Hence, it is established that infractions and crimes against public order are those that interrupt the peace of citizenship. Among them can be cited from attacks on the relevant authority, disobedience, terrorist offenses, possession or trafficking of weapons and possession of explosives or ammunition of various types.
Economic sanctions and even jail sentences are some of the most frequent consequences for an individual having carried out an action that is typified as an alteration of public order. Thus, for example, it is common for the relevant authorities to carry out monetary fines to citizens who in a state of drunkenness have made scandals, noise and violent brawls on the street to the detriment of their neighbors.
However, it should also be stressed that it is considered that they are also part of the scope of public order to take care of the state of health of citizens. In this case, what is done specifically is to ensure the protection of the inhabitants of a place at all times avoiding the occurrence of intoxications or epidemics, which are also classified as a crime against the aforementioned order.
Public order, in the sphere of private right , is a limitation to autonomy that seeks to eliminate those behaviors that are opposed to the common interest.
He public Law , on the other hand, understands public order as one that arises from respect for legal order and that represents social peace. If citizens respect the laws, social coexistence develops in peace and harmony.