The mnemonics or mnemonics It is the intellectual process that consists in establishing an association or link to remember one thing. The mnemonic techniques usually lie in linking the structures and contents that want to be retained with certain physical locations that are arranged according to convenience.
These techniques can consist of a special term, an expression or a rhyme that is used to remember something (like a list) is easier. The mnemonics, in this way, not only appeals to the repetition for the reminder, but also relies on the associations between groups of data to achieve the construction of the memory.
In general, the sequences used by mnemonics should make sense. It is considered that random mnemonics does not always collaborate with the memory .
In this sense, and to avoid confusion, we must make clear the clear difference between memory and mnemonics. Thus, while the former can be defined as the ability to enter, maintain and retrieve certain information; The second is a technique that is used to remember something.
exist techniques to increase the level of retention, such as the creation of words with the initials of each term to be memorized, the formation of mental lockers and numerical conversions.
In the case of the so-called mental lockers , is to create a list of terms in the mind that is known and has a certain order, which is linked to the words that are intended to memorize. As for the numerical conversions , the procedure lies in the conversion of numbers into consonants and, with these consonants, construct words by adding vowels freely.
Thus, as we have already mentioned above, there are many and varied techniques or tools of mnemonics. However, in these next lines we are going to present some of the most used or some of those that are considered as more effective when it comes to remembering information regarding a specific issue:
Cartoon technique. It basically consists in carrying out the creation of a unique story with all those elements that must be memorized.
Creative Prayer Technique. Its objective is to make the construction of a sentence that is formed by a series of elements that give us clues or establish the concepts that we have to remember.
Chain technique. Who decides to carry out this what he will have to do is concatenate a series of words that are related and that are the key to remembering the main ideas of a particular issue.
Technique of places. In this specific case, said mnemonics tool consists in the person who uses it carrying out the association of each one of the elements that must be remembered with a series of places that are very familiar to them as they are part of their day to day.
Let's see a example of mnemonics:
To remember the measure of a knot, which is equivalent to 1,852 kilometers per hour , the phrase is used “An eight without elbows”.