Messianic it is an adjective that refers to that pertaining to or related to the messiah or the messianism . The concept of messiahs, meanwhile, is used in the field of religion to name the Anointed (the Son of God or a man with the divine spirit) or in everyday language in reference to who is creditor of an excessive trust on the part of people to achieve a goal or solve a problem.
The adjective messianic , therefore, can be applied to the person that is declared or that is considered as a messiah or a savior. For example: "Cults often have leaders with messianic pretensions that fool people", “The messianic movement does not stop growing”, "We believe that Master Brahmalogty is a messianic being that will lead us to a better world", “You have to be careful with messianic groups: they are dangerous”.
It is known as messianic Judaism to the religious group that maintains that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah. Practitioners consider themselves part of the Jewish religion and follow the precepts of the Torah , although no stream of Judaism nor the State of Israel they accept the messianic since they also follow the New Testament . Therefore, some Christian groups argue that Messianic Judaism is a form of Christianity.
It is estimated that in Israel there are about 15,000 members of Messianic Judaism, a number that grows to 250,000 in U.S . It should be noted that this current It is divided into several groups, such as Nazarene Messianic Judaism and the Ebionite Messianic Judaism .
Messianic Judaism arose in England between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, during the Hebrew-Christian missions, with the aim of evangelizing the Jewish people. It is worth mentioning that its practitioners practice their faith by placing themselves in the position of authentic observers of Torah, and their vision of themselves is that of Jews in religion.
The first congregation of Messianic Judaism was formed in the city of London and received the name of "Ben Abraham"; its initial number of members was around forty. Also in the 19th century, one of the most important appeared in Eastern Europe precursors of this religion: Ignatz Lichtenstein, originally from Hungary. Throughout the 1890s, Lichtenstein produced a series of works in German that are considered "classical messianic literature."
Since Messianic Judaism is divided into several organizations, not all are based on the same theology; the larger groups, however, share the following fundamental points:
* they believe that the Old Testament (the Tanach) and the New Testament (Brit Jadashah) arose by inspiration from God;
* they believe in Elohim, the God of the Bible, to be that it meets all the characteristics of the Christian version, such as omnipresence and its existence beyond creation. The different currents of Messianic Judaism include the trinitarian (who accepts the existence of a God in which three divine persons coexist), dualitarian (they take the Father and the Son as one entity) and unicitary (contemplate the presence of one God with more than one manifestation);
* they affirm that Yeshua, called by the Christians Jesus of Nazareth, is the Messiah who arose from the people of Israel, which moves away from Christian and Muslim beliefs regarding their identity and nature. Yeshua is accepted as "God made flesh" and "word made flesh" and is believed to have fulfilled all prophecies announced in the Tanach.
With regard to their festivities, the most important is the Shabbat, which gathers the faithful to meet on Friday afternoons (Erev Shabbat) and on Saturday mornings and evenings (Havdala). Passover is called Pesach and is celebrated on Nisan 14 (the first month of the Biblical Hebrew calendar) and the party of unleavened bread takes place from the next day until 22.