The diversity (from Latin diverse) is a notion that refers to the difference , the variety , the abundance of different things wave dissimilarity .
The cultural diversity refers to the coexistence and interaction between different cultures . The existence of multiple cultures is considered an important asset of humanity as it contributes to the knowledge . Each person, on the other hand, has the right to have their culture respected both by other people and by the authorities.
On many occasions, the survival of one culture is threatened by the advancement of another with a hegemonic vocation. In these cases, the government and institutions must protect the culture that has less power to guarantee their subsistence and, in this way, ensure cultural diversity.
In that same sense, the sexual diversity It is the existence of different sexual orientations and identities. Minority groups, among which are gay and bisexual, are responsible for defending this concept so that their rights are not violated and can access the same possibilities as most (heterosexuals).
The biological Diversity or biodiversity points out the immense variety of living beings that inhabit the planet After millions of years of evolution. The environmental balance depends on the maintenance and protection of biodiversity. Within this classification are the species belonging to both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
In order to establish and quantify the diversity of the species of a region it was necessary to know them taxonomically, in order to also establish the importance that this species occupies within the ecosystem. Taxonomy It is the science that studies the different living organisms and the relationships that are established between them and their environment. It consists of one of the pillars for the existence of biodiversity because it allows approach an ecosystem and understand the different roles that each species has in natural space.
In addition, diversity It is linked to genetics, so it is that there is a concept that is known as genetic diversity and that is dedicated to the study of the various phenotypes between individuals that are part of the same species, and how each interacts with the environment.
The ecological diversity It is another of the great branches within biodiversity. It is dedicated to the study of the variety of species existing within the same ecosystem. We could say that this is the synthetic study of biodiversity, which stops only in the copies that exist in the same habitat and it is dedicated to study the way in which the actions of these can modify the natural environment. Ecological diversity analyzes the composition of the landscape, the variety of species that reside there and the influences that some project on the others.
One of the big names that arises when thinking about biodiversity is that of Jacques Cousteau, a French researcher passionate about life and above all, for our actions on the planet, who showed great concern for the future of the earth.
In his extensive studies about life on Earth, Cousteau expressed the relevance that small actions could have on the future of our surroundings; and, above all, he expressed his desire for our species to become more attentive to the needs of the natural environment that it faced when it approached nature and was respectful of what was there then, the modification of the life of a Minimal species could mean a natural break that had taken tens of years or even centuries to be achieved and condemned to death who knew how many species.