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The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) defines a badge as a metal clasp which presents a female part and another male part, which fit when the closure occurs.

Usually the idea of badge is used to name the insignia or the emblems They are added to the clothes. It can also refer to identifications which are used to authorize the entry to a certain event or place.

It is important to clarify that the term badge It is specifically used in some Spanish-speaking regions, including Chile, Argentina and Mexico, Latin America, and Aragon, Spain. One of its most common applications is the distinction of responsibilities within a group of people who dedicate themselves to the practice of a sport in a professional manner; for example, the referee, the players and the captain wear different badges so that a look at this badge is enough to differentiate their roles .

Badges, in this framework, are made up of a support (where the data that are intended to be shown are detailed) and of a subjection (which allows to fix the support to the clothes through a hook pin or a similar element). Sometimes, the badge has a ribbon so that the person I can hang it on his neck.

Take the case of an exhibition of the mining industry that takes place at a fairground and includes the exhibition of machinery, the development of business meetings and other proposals. To access the exhibition in question, it is essential to register previously through a website. Thus, when the interested party arrives at the gate of the fairground and says his name, a member of the organization the event gives you a badge with the personal data previously registered, that the subject must display in their clothes to be allowed to pass to the different sectors of the exhibition. If a person in charge of the organization finds someone without the badge inside the property, they can ask them to identify themselves or expel them from the site.

Despite its resemblance to words like jinx (person who brings bad luck to those around him) and glasses, we must clarify that badge It has no relationship with them. However, when studying its etymology we discover that it does derive from glasses but with the meaning of "hitch or staple that was used to hold the glasses." In other words, badge is the diminutive of glasses, but not in the sense that we use it today, as a synonym for glasses.

Broadly speaking, we can say that the badge consists of two parts: a support and a fastening system. The first fulfills two functions, since on the one hand it is the complement It is necessary for the second, but it is also the one that has all the information about the individual wearing the badge printed, as explained in the previous paragraphs. Usually, the badge holder has a rectangular shape, but there are also triangular, oval, circular and square, among many other possibilities.

The material of support The badge also depends on the decisions and needs of each company; Acrylic, plastic, nickel, aluminum, bronze and even paper are among the most common. It should be noted that there are electronic badges, which have a screen to print user data.

With respect to the subject, it is a piece that allows us to hold the badge on the individual's clothing. The most common is the pin of hook but also tapes are used to hang the badge to the neck, magnets and velcro, among other options.

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