The word leadership define a influence that is exercised on people and that allows them to be encouraged to work enthusiastically for a common goal. Who exercises leadership is known as Leader .
Leadership is the function occupied by a person who differs from the rest and is able to make sound decisions for the group, team or organization that precedes, inspiring the rest of those who participate in that group to reach a common goal. For this reason, it is said that leadership involves more than one person, who directs (the Leader ) and those who support it (the subordinates ) and allow you to develop your position efficiently.
The leader's job is to set a goal and get that most people want and work to achieve it. It is a fundamental element in the managers of the business world , to move forward with a company or organization, but also in other areas, such as sports (knowing how to lead a team to victory), the education (teachers who get their students to identify with their way of thinking) and even in the family (Parents or older siblings who are taken as an absolute example by their children, for example).
There are different classifications of leaders, which are established based on various criteria. When a leader is chosen by an organization, there is talk of a formal leader . The informal leaders Instead, they emerge naturally or spontaneously within a group.
In any case, the most widespread classification is that which refers to the link between the leader and the subjects to which he influences (that is, his followers). In this case, there are leaderships democratic , authoritarian and liberals (laissez faire ).
Leader democratic It is the one that, in the first place, encourages debate and discussion within the group. Then he takes into account the opinions of his followers and only then, based on criteria and evaluation standards that are explicit, makes a decision.
Leader authoritarian On the other hand, he is the one who decides on his own, without consulting and without justifying himself to his followers. This kind of leader appeals to the communication unidirectional (no dialogue) with the subordinate.
As for the leader liberal , he usually adopts a passive role and hands over power to his group. That is why he does not make a judgment on what the members contribute, to whom he grants the widest freedom for his actions.
If leadership is exercised from changes in the values, behaviors and thoughts of group members, it is called transformational .
The basis for being a good leader they are: keep abreast of the latest in the field in which the work is carried out, observe the work of other leaders and modify the way of working whenever necessary. On the other hand, the qualities that someone who exercises leadership must have are: knowledge, trust, integrity, and, of course, charisma to inspire his subordinates.
The best leaders are those who they are visionaries , who are able to understand the productive situations for the company before they appear, are innovative and are in favor of change. We can give as an example Bill Gates, a frustrated Harvard student, who thanks to his leadership qualities was able to found one of the most important companies in the technology sector, Microsoft and, thanks to the decisions he knew how to make since he got that Influential companies trust him, he became the richest person in the world. He was able to understand that computers would one day become an indispensable part of homes, and he worked on developing the products that allowed it, I suppose it is the best example of a visionary leader .
But having a good idea is not enough to become a leader, it is necessary to know how to carry it out and convince those around you that this idea is the best invention ever thought of and that it aims to solve our most important problems . If we get captivate the public With our idea, we may become a visionary leader and valued by the environment.
Another classification of leaderships is determined by the leader influence in his subordinates. When the leader is recognized as authority within the group and the members believe that it contributes important resources, the leadership is transactional .
Another definition of the term is that found in the Dictionary of Behavioral Sciences that defines leadership as the qualities of capacity and personality that allow someone to become a guide for a group, controlling all the individuals that are part of it.
For its part, Rallph M. Stogdill , affirms that there are as many definitions of leadership as people have thought about this concept, however the most accurate would be that it is the process of conducting the activities of a group and influencing the behaviors that they develop.
To be a leader it is essential, on the other hand to have the communication ability . Not only know how to clearly express ideas and mandates, but also know how to listen and keep in mind what each individual thinks is part of the group that is represented. In addition, as defined Salovey and Mayer It is essential to have emotional intelligence. That is, with the ability to drive the feelings and emotions of oneself and others and use the information to get the objective fundamental of the group.