On the etymological origin of the term fainting that concerns us now, there are different theories. However, the one that is considered more accurate is the one that comes to establish that it derives from ancient French. Specifically, it emanates from the word “esmaiier”, which can be translated as “faint”, “disturb” and even “disturb”.
The dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ) define the Fainting as the lack of meaning wave lack of strength . The term is usually used with reference to the disorder that, in medicine, is known as syncope : the abrupt loss of sensitivity and knowledge caused by a sudden and temporary interruption of cardiac activity , which causes blood to not reach the brain correctly.
A faint or syncope usually lasts a few minutes and usually allows the person Recover completely quickly. Before the episode occurs, it is common for the affected person to feel nauseous, feel weak and suffer from vision and hearing problems.
A very intense pain, the stress , drug use, a drop in blood sugar, excessive heat, a sudden drop in blood pressure and hyperventilation are some of the most common causes of fainting. A stroke and heart disease can also cause this condition.
This variety of probable reasons makes explaining why fainting occurs sometimes difficult. When someone suffers from fainting, it is best to consult a doctor so that the professional tries to detect the reason and thus it is possible to act to prevent a new syncope.
When you are next to a person who has suffered a faint, what you need to do is act without delay. Thus, first of all, it is necessary to proceed to lay it on the side floor. Then, it will be necessary to proceed to check if you have a pulse and if you breathe. And if the pulse is not found or if it is seen that he is not breathing, it must be clear that he suffers a cardiorespiratory arrest and that will require acting in a much more urgent way and following other techniques.
If it is found that you have these two vital signs, what you will need to do is put your legs in such a way that they are raised and shaped in a "v" because that will contribute to the recovery of knowledge as soon as possible.
Of course, it is also essential that it is well ventilated, that is, that it receives air.
If it is important to know how to act during a person's fainting, it is also important to know what should not be done. We are referring to not having to leave her alone and that, if she is not conscious, she should never be fed or drunk.
The visit to a doctor, in this context, is always recommended in cases of fainting since, although it may be an exceptional situation and attributed to a specific event (such as suffering from a temperature of 40 ° C under the sun, for example) , is also a potential symptom of a serious problem.