The desertion It is the act of deserting. This implies abandoning obligations and separating from the concurrence that used to be frequented. The word school , on the other hand, refers to what is pertaining or relative to student or to school. Therefore, the dropout it is a concept that is used to refer to those students who stop attending class and are out of education system .
Specialists of United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) have considered that the poverty (with children who are malnourished or must go to work), the exclusion and the low capacity of schools to provide containment They are the main causes of school dropout.
Another cause that can be mentioned, especially in rural areas or far from large cities, is the distance . Many times, children must travel several kilometers to reach the educational center, which is a difficulty for them to attend class regularly.
The family is the one that exerts a key weight when a child of school age carries out the said dropout. And the fact that he stops attending class is, in many cases, related to the characteristics of his surroundings. Thus, when he has scarce financial resources, he does not have a fixed residence and in addition the parents do not have academic training, the factors are given so that the child does not go to school.
However, this also occurs when, in addition to the aforementioned hallmarks, in his family the minor does not find support for his education, his parents do not show any interest in it and also when his older siblings have dropped out of school. .
However, it is undeniable that a series of factors that are relative to the child himself and that determine his lack of interest or motivation to attend class daily influence this school dropout. Among those would be, for example, that he has problems learning, that outside the classroom he has to work and have adult responsibilities for the situation that his own family lives, that he has aggressive features or that he has more interest in other things that in forming.
According to statistics of 2007 , school dropout in Argentina reach to 8,54% of middle school students in the early years and then increases until 19,79% in the last three. School dropout, therefore, affects 270,000 teenagers .
In the case of Spain, there are also areas in charge of controlling school dropout, of seeking the individual solution of minors who carry out the same and of encouraging them and their families so that it does not recur.
The repetition It also has a significant impact on school dropout. According to the same Argentine statistics, the 10,38% of students repeat in the first years of high school. The figure decreases to 7,58% in recent years, which shows the difficulty of adaptation after completing primary education.