In order to know the meaning of the term desertification it is necessary, first, to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it comes from Latin and that it is the result of the sum of several parts:
-The prefix “de-”, which indicates “from top to bottom”.
-The verb "serere", which is synonymous with "interlacing".
-The verb "facere", which means "to do".
-The suffix "-cion", which is used to indicate "action and effect".
Desertification is the desertification process and result . This verb, meanwhile, refers to the transformation of a fertile ground into a desert .
In other words, desertification means that a land which allowed abundant production becomes, due to various factors, a arid place , of little or no vegetation. It is, therefore, an ecological problem.
Desertification implies the degradation of fertile soil , which is losing its productive capacity. This process may be due to the erosion , deforestation, over-irrigation or overexploitation of an aquifer, for example.
The person responsible for desertification is usually the man . When over a certain land is cultivated without control, excessive grazing develops or is deforested, desertification is likely to begin to develop. Over time, this situation can cause problems for obtaining food, since the soils are no longer suitable for cultivation.
In the same way, we can establish that there are other causes of desertification. Thus, for example, among these is a misuse of water and soil. By this we mean that the watering of lands is carried out using what are waters that have salts. This action will result in the soil salinizing while the vegetation will not grow and its erosion will be greatly favored.
Forest fires and massive felling of trees are also other causes of desertification. Thus, for example, the second brings with it the deterioration of what is the cover that is responsible for protecting the natural environment.
Many times desertification is a consequence of the increase in population . As the number of inhabitants grows, there is a tendency to intensive exploitation of the soil to meet food needs. This results in the depletion of the land and its subsequent desertification: in the absence of vegetation cover, erosion caused by wind and water progresses more rapidly.
In addition to these consequences of desertification, we cannot forget other important ones such as rural poverty among the population engaged in work related to agriculture and livestock and even migration. This takes place when the land is barely produced and people, especially the youngest, go outside to find a better future.
According to the level of the fall in agricultural production, desertification can be described in different ways. The most serious is the very severe desertification , when the production more than 50% falls and dry and dry mounds develop in the ground.