Before entering fully into the meaning of the term objective description we will know the etymological origin of the two words that shape it:
-Description, in the first place, derives from Latin, exactly from “description”, which means “action and effect of writing about the way in which something specific is perceived”. It is the result of the sum of three differentiated components: the prefix “de-”, which indicates “from top to bottom”; the verb "scribere", which is synonymous with "write", and the suffix "-cion", which is used to indicate "action and effect".
-Objective, secondly, also comes from Latin. In his case emanates from "obiectus", which is formed from the union of two distinct parts: the prefix "ob-", which is synonymous with "against", and the verb "iacere", which can be translated as "throw "
Is called description to the narration of the characteristics or traits of something or someone. The term objective On the other hand, it can refer to that linked to an object in itself, without considering ways of feeling or thinking.
A objective description , therefore, is the one that does not reflect the opinion of the author . Who develops this type of description tries that his subjectivity Do not influence the enumeration you perform.
It can be said that an objective description is intended to conform as closely as possible to the reality , leaving aside the valuations. Therefore, we can state that the objective description is the one that is characterized because it presents reality without issuing any value judgment, because it is accurate and also because it is clear, while using a long list of adjectives. Of course, to all that we must add that it is very thorough.
Different is the case of subjective description, where the author offers his point of view and shares his feelings or impressions. Specifically, in the subjective description many connotative adjectives are used, it usually pursues a certain aesthetic purpose and, in addition, the issuer of the same does not worry so much about reflecting reality but instead focuses primarily on realizing how it generates effects on its person, for example.
When the authorities try to find a person what is missing , it is common for them to disclose an objective description of their physical characteristics so that the population can commit to the search and collaborate. Therefore, the photo of the individual may appear in the media accompanied by a description that states: “You are looking for a 19-year-old boy who is 1.75 meters tall and weighs 90 kilograms. He has brown hair, light blue eyes and a mole on his left cheek. ”. As you can see, the description is objective since it does not show features of subjectivity.
In another context, the search could be different and appeal to a subjective description. A girl can post on social networks: “I'm looking for the cutest young man in the world: I met him yesterday by west train at three in the afternoon. He has eyes the color of the sky, a beautiful smile and an athlete's body. Can you help me find it? ”. The qualifiers and personal assessments make this description not objective.