Before entering fully into the establishment of the meaning of the term sodium chloride, it is necessary to know the etymological origin of the two main words that shape it:
- Chloride comes from the Greek. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of two components of that language: "kloros", which means "light green", and the suffix "-uro", which is synonymous with "acid salt".
-Sodium, on the other hand, emanates from Latin. In its case, it derives from "sodium."
He sodium chloride , also know as sodium chloride , is the table salt . It is a white crystalline substance that is used to spice up the food .
The formula of this chemical compound is NaCl . It is formed by a chloride anion and a sodium cation and it is qualified as an ionic compound since it is composed of two substances that have an important difference in terms of their electronegativities.
It is possible to find sodium chloride in the planet's crust land and in the water of the oceans. For use, you can get the salt from the so-called rock halita or by evaporating seawater. The world's largest producers are U.S , China , Germany and India .
The most common use of sodium chloride is linked to the feeding . Most foods are seasoned by adding a certain dose of salt, which has a characteristic flavor. Excessive consumption of sodium chloride, however, is detrimental to Health because it causes an increase in blood pressure (hypertension ).
Another use of sodium chloride related to food is intended for conservation . By its osmotic power, it allows to dehydrate bacteria and virus . Thus, when applying sodium chloride on meats, they are protected from bacterial action.
In addition to all of the above, we cannot ignore another series of singularities or curiosities about sodium chloride such as the following:
-It is used at industrial level. Specifically, it plays a fundamental role in textile industries and even in what are refineries.
-With regard to health, it should be noted that, in addition to the negative consequences cited regarding excess salt consumption, there are others equally relevant. We are referring, in particular, to the fact that it can cause skin problems, that it can damage what are the respiratory tract or that can increase fluid retention. Not forgetting that it can also increase the chances of suffering from dehydration or a kidney-like illness.
-At the time of cleaning, it is considered to be very useful to end, for example, with mold.
-Sodium chloride has a melting point of 801º while its density is 2.16 g / ml.
-Its molar mass is 58.44 g / mol.
Similarly, sodium chloride is used as antiseptic for the disinfection of wounds and to cure ulcers. Salt, on the other hand, is thrown on the roads covered with snow since it reduces its freezing point and causes it to melt. Thus, the road can be released and vehicles can be circulated.