It is called classicism in the style of art which is developed according to the precepts and the values of the Classical antiquity : that is, the peak period of the Ancient Rome and the Ancient Greece .
It can be said that classicism is a movement which followed the principles of the model developed during the aforementioned old period, which extended between the 5th century BC and the 2nd century A.D. Among its main features is the search for perfection physical, aesthetic and intellectual human being .
Predominant in 18th centuries and XIX , classicism can be seen in multiple artistic manifestations, such as painting, music, literature and architecture. In addition to the ideas of the Classical antiquity , also takes concepts from Renaissance , he humanism and other currents.
Harmony as the axis, the balance between form and substance, the search for formal proportions and rationality are some of the issues that govern works of classicism.
Among the most important manifestations of classicism is the classicist painting , which emerged as an opposition to baroque painting. The experts in art they mention the construction of the space through successive planes, the absence of marked contrasts, the sharp forms and the preponderance of the drawing on the color as their properties more noticeable.
At the literary level, the call stands out Weimar classicism , driven by figures like Friedrich von Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe between the end of century XVIII and the beginning of XIX century .
The cultured music of the European continent that developed between the mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries enters the style called classicism. Some of the composers of this period were Marianna Martínez and Joseph Haydn . Regarding the moment that the other arts were going through, such as literature and architecture, we can say that they were in what is currently called neoclassicism .
Musical classicism spread mainly in Vienna , in addition to Mannheim, Paris and Berlin . We can say that among its most outstanding features are the textures very clear, symmetrical phrases, full tone and musical forms such as the quartet, the sonata and the symphony.
Unlike the other arts, music did not have enough models from the Antiquity to be inspired by them and continue building. For this reason, it is often said that the classic style is very different from everything that preceded it. In fact, when romantics talked about "classical music "they only referred to the works of classicism.
As in the illustration, the music of classicism was also highlighted by a special focus on balance and clarity, contempt for artifice and baroque excesses, the approach to nature through the simplicity of structures and symmetry of the sentences, and the likelihood of the arguments in the Opera to get closer to the viewer.
Precisely, cultured music broke the absurd barriers that kept it exclusively in the aristocracy to finally reach the bourgeoisie , and many composers began adapting their styles to popular trends. Throughout the classicism the importance of music grew, and its greater dissemination resulted in composers traveling throughout the European continent to present their works in the most important capitals.
Classical music is characterized by giving voice more acute the main melodies, making the others accompany it, and all this was reflected in writing explicitly, unlike the previous practices that gave rise to endless scores that if they were written today would be considered incomplete.