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Biological Sciences


The biological Sciences are those that are dedicated to study life and its processes . It is a branch of natural Sciences which investigates the origin, evolution and properties of living beings.

These sciences , which are also grouped under the name of biology , analyze the characteristics of individual organisms and species as a whole, studying the interactions between them and with the environment.

There are multiple disciplines that belong to the field of biological sciences, such as anatomy , the botany , the ecology , the physiology , the genetics , the immunology , the taxonomy and the zoology . Among these sciences, there are two that stand out: botany (the science dedicated to the study of plants) and zoology (dedicated to the study of animals). Both constitute the main branches of biology, while the medicine Science is the life, health, disease and death of human beings and is considered part of the health sciences.

Biological sciences have shown that all life is composed of cells based on a common biochemistry . The organisms use the genetic material to transmit their hereditary characters, present in the DNA . These principles are based on the existence of a common ancestor to all living beings that has followed a process of evolution (that is why biological organisms share similar processes). The basic unit of hereditary material is the gen , formed by a fragment of the chromosome DNA that encodes a protein. The knowledge of this fact allowed us to understand that all living beings need each other and we are related to each other and, above all, that the survival of some is only possible if the others also manage to survive.

The importance of knowing the environment to interact with it

Humans, despite attempts to get more and more away from their animal essence, they are part of nature; Therefore, knowledge of the species with which you share your environment and the search for balanced relationships can be vital for your survival.

When we we approach the environment and study it, we can also understand ourselves better, learning from our abilities and enhancing our skills to get a better quality of life .

Within the sciences, biology is responsible for analyzing the interactions of the various species in a natural environment preventing the consequences that a given human action can have on a virgin or natural space. The work done by those specialized in this sector can be vital to preserve the planet. To this day in which so many human experiments have led to a significant imbalance in relations with the environment, research and work is essential to raise awareness about the search for a life that is not put at risk natural balance

The problems related to the interaction of human beings with their environment are specifically studied by the various branches of biological sciences, detailed above.

In this way, everything that has to do with situations caused by the human being that they can lead to pollution or damage to a natural space, will be studied by ecology; which will try to give answers and alternatives to heal the damage caused or work to shorten its consequences. On the other hand, it is worth mentioning that knowledge of the development of the rest of the species (life expectations, physiological needs, relationships established, etc.) can be essential to ensure their survival, if it depended on human action. Other biology branches such as the zoology.