It is called Bell tower to structure which houses one or more bells . It is usually a tower It is part of a building. For example: "The authorities announced a millionaire investment to restore the bell tower of the cathedral", "The boy ran to the bell tower to announce the news", "The criminal tried to take refuge in the bell tower, but was discovered by the police".
The bell towers, also called campaniles , usually belong to temples like chapels , churches or cathedrals . They can also be present in public buildings such as city halls or governorates . Its original function was summon neighbors Ringing the bells In this way, at the time of the Mass, the bells of the church .
In the same church it is possible to find several bell towers; in turn, each of them can have one or more bells, so the term itself does not clearly describe all the characteristics of this architectural type . At present, the replacement of bells by the carillon, a percussion musical instrument that is composed of a set of bells.
In the carillon, which is also called bell organ and air organ, we found several bells that reproduce a scale determined musical. To make them sound, it is necessary for a hammer to hit them, and this can occur in several ways:
* manually : This method is likely to be used already in the eleventh century, although we know with greater certainty that it appeared in the thirteenth century;
* mechanically : by activating a set of hammers that the interpreter controls by means of a lever that we could define as a keyboard. This type of carillon is more modern than the previous one, since it dates from the end of the 15th century.
With the changes imposed by the technology , the usefulness of the bell towers was reduced as people were summoned by other means (announcements in the media, telephony, etc.). The bell towers, however, are still used in many regions, either for the same purpose of yesteryear or for reasons of tradition.
The tower of Pisa , famous for its inclination, is the bell tower of the Pisa Cathedral . It began to be built in 1173 and soon he began to bow down. Between 1990 and 2011 This bell tower was closed to the public because works were carried out engineering To prevent its collapse.
The Giralda It is another well-known bell tower. Belongs to the Cathedral of Santa Maria de la Sede from Seville (Spain ) and combines sectors that belonged to a mosque with parts superimposed by Christians.
In Normandy , one of the thirteen French regions that are part of the Republic, we find the city of Rouen , its administrative capital, which is known as "the city of the hundred bell towers "The reason for this particular nickname is that it can be visited in many churches in which, as mentioned above, you can not miss this body of bells formerly used to summon parishioners.
Another of the data that matters to Ruan is that he suffered there Joan of Arc the sentence to die at the stake. It is believed that the nickname was coined by himself Victor Hugo , so we can intuit that before the 19th century people did not refer to Rouen as "the city of one hundred bell towers."
The historic center of Rouen is among the richest places in northern France, perhaps its most prominent church is the Notre Dame Cathedral , which has starred in many fiction stories for its beauty and its imposing structure, which boasts the tallest tower in the country.