Chivalry It is a concept with several uses, usually linked to horse . The most frequent meaning is linked to the army force composed of fighters mounted on this animal.
It is possible to establish a division between heavy cavalry and light cavalry. The heavy cavalry It had the function of establishing a direct combat with the enemy. Soldiers used to be protected with armor and had spears, maces or swords to attack.
The light cavalry On the other hand, it was only used in assaults or reconnaissance work. The soldiers were less protected and had smaller weapons power ; as a counterpoint, they could move faster than the members of the heavy cavalry.
Within the framework of the fighting, the horses were initially used to pull the armed cars . From the breeding and selection of the breeds of greatest strength, these animals They began to be employed with riders with weapons. Thus the cavalries were emerging to explore the terrain and as support of the infantry.
With the development of more powerful weapons, the cavalries began to lose preponderance. At present, the use of cavalries is very limited and is limited to those places where motor vehicles have access restricted by the conditions of the ground .
Beyond the military environment, cavalry is called status and conduct of the gentleman ; to the ability to control a horse; and to different types of agricultural measures, whose characteristics differ according to the country .
Seventh Cavalry Regiment
Usually written with the ordinal number instead of the word (that is, 7.°), the Seventh Cavalry Regiment is part of the army from North America since September 21, 1866, and remains active until today. It is a type regiment armored cavalry and is officially known by the nickname Garryowen, chosen for being the name of an Irish song to which he intends to honor.
Two years after its creation, on November 27, 1868, the colonel George Armstrong Custer sent the 7th Cavalry to face the Sioux and the Cheyennes in the context of the battle of washita. He was in command of Winfield Scott Hancock, and had seven hundred soldiers, who did not hesitate to attack a town where the majority of the inhabitants were elderly, children and women, leaving very few survivors and fanning the hatred that both parties felt against the opposite.
Six years later, the 7th Cavalry had to carry out the suffocation of the rebellion that was taking place in Dakota by the Arapahoes, Cheyennes and Sioux Indians. Colonel Custer forced his men to move forward too quickly, and this resulted in them running out before starting the confrontation ; As if this were not enough, they were not cautious enough to carry light artillery, so the weight they had to carry was excessive.
In addition to the haste and weight of the artillery that Colonel Custer submitted to the 7th Cavalry, he made the mistake of dividing them into two groups. All this led to a real disaster from a point of view strategic , which resulted in the loss of most of its soldiers in the battle of Little big horn, which took place on June 25, 1876.
Although the 7th Cavalry began as just another regiment of North America, having gone through such unprecedented defeat made them go down in history. One of the examples of the glorification enjoyed by this regiment can be seen in the table titled The Last Stand, created by the American artist Frederic Remington, in which Custer is seen with his men awaiting the load of the Native Americans.