The term birkah, from classical Arabic, came to Hispanic Arabic as albírka. In our language the notion became swimming pool : a Deposit which is constructed artificially for the water storage .
It is a hydraulic work that can be developed with walls for the creation of the pond or from an excavation in the land . In general, its construction is due to the need to irrigate certain surfaces.
In Spain, specifically in some of its most significant monuments, you can admire important pools built in previous centuries. Thus, for example, we find them in the Alcazars of the Christian Monarchs of Córdoba. In the gardens you can discover a wide variety of pools that are distributed primarily through three terraces and are surrounded by beautiful plant species.
In the same way, it also happens in the Alhambra in Granada or in the Real Alcazar of the city of Seville, for example.
Beyond this use that was originally given to the pools, over the years began to link these works to recreation and ornamentation. Thus the pools were integrated into the gardens.
However, to all of the above, we can also add that in some corners of Spain, specifically in Andalusia, the term pool is also used to refer to the pools that are built in the farmhouses. Yes, to those created to be able to cool off by a bath during the summer season, in which temperatures are very high.
Currently, therefore, one can distinguish between several types of pools. The irrigation pool It is a small deposit, usually excavated, whose purpose is to allow irrigation of nearby lands. The leisure pool , meanwhile, is intended for bathing and water games: by extension to this meaning, in several regions at swimming pools or pools are called pools.
The ornamental pool On the other hand, it is installed in the center of a garden or patio as a decorative element. The distribution pool Finally, it is characterized by its large dimensions since its purpose is the storage of Water so that it can be used in periods of drought .
Finally, we can mention that The Záncara Pool (Castilla la Mancha ) and Pool of the Towers (Murcia ) are different territorial entities of Spain .
In the province of Salamanca there is also a municipality that responds to the name of La Alberca. It belongs to the Sierra de Francia Region, has about 1,100 inhabitants and is considered to have a Visigothic origin.
Although this population is small, we cannot ignore that it has a remarkable series of places of interest for tourists. Specifically, among those are his great tower, which was borne by the Dukes of Alba; the Hermitage of San Marcos of the 18th century; the Parochial Church, also from the 18th century or the valley of the Batuecas, which is listed as a Site of Cultural Interest.