The proxemic it is a branch of the semiotics which is dedicated to study how space is organized in linguistic communication . It is the analysis of spatial relationships between human beings and between people and things during an interaction , considering body distance and posture adopted.
It can be said that the proxemic, therefore, investigates how it is perceived and used space , both personal and social. In every talk a framework is established that depends on a system of restrictions linked to the social group, age and gender, for example, in which the distribution of space reflects certain meanings.
It is important to keep in mind that communication skills transcend the linguistic ability given by understanding a language . Beyond the individual conditions, there are social and cultural norms linked to space that may limit such powers.
On the other hand, we must not forget communication is verbal (the signs that are transmitted through speech) and non verbal (gestures, body posture, etc.). The proxemic, determined by how the body in relation to space, it is part of nonverbal communication.
There are different proxemic distances. When two people interact with one distance of up 45 centimeters , a intimate space which allows physical contact, as in conversations between members of a couple, family or close friends. If the separation between speakers is between 46 and the 120 centimeters , refers to a personal distance , frequent among not-so-close friends or among coworkers.
The social or consultative distance between 121 and 360 centimeters , appears among strangers or who have little knowledge of each other. Finally, the proxemic recognizes a public distance from more than 361 centimeters that appears in conferences , speeches or similar interactions.