It is called heraldry to the art or science of blazon : the description of the coat of arms . A coat of arms , meanwhile, is a emblem through which a family or a state is represented.
It can be said that heraldry combines elements of right , he art and the history . It emerged in the Middle Ages and managed to position itself as an identification mechanism in the time of feudal societies. Its code, over the years, began to facilitate the recognition of territories and various groups (such as guilds).
The origin of the heraldry is linked to the armors that the gentlemen in the 11th centuries and XII . To protect themselves, these men appealed to helmets that covered his head and covered his face, making it impossible for them to be identified. Thus, with the aim of make yourself known in the competitions and in the battles, the knights began to draw figures on their shields .
The characteristics of each coat of arms depend on the one who decided to create it. However, there are guidelines that must be respected to ensure proper identification, such as ease of reading . Once the coat of arms is established, it can be modified from inheritances , alliances and other reasons.
Heraldry, in short, is made up of signs and is constituted as a communication system . Everything in the coat of arms communicates, from the countryside up to their partitions going through their colors and its exterior ornamentations.
There are numerous entities dedicated to study and the spread of heraldry. Among them appear the College of arms in London and the Catalan Institute of Genealogy and Heraldry (ICGenHer ) in Barcelona .