The first necessary step to know the meaning of the term surveying is to discover its etymological origin. Specifically, we can say that it derives from Latin, from the word "surveying." This can be translated as "the art of measuring land" and is made up of the sum of several different parts:
-The noun "agri", which is equivalent to "crop field".
-The name "mens", which means "measure".
-The suffix "-ura", which we can say is the result of a concrete action.
Surveying is the discipline or technique which consists of the land measurement .
During a lot weather , surveying was considered as a specialization or a division of the topography . Over the years, however, surveying began to be recognized as a discipline with autonomy focused on the study of territorial elements and the establishment of limits.
Thanks to surveying, it is possible to develop documents of the mapping , set the boundaries of a land and produce maps and blueprints .
It is important to know that surveying is a discipline that drinks, enriches and is based on the knowledge of others such as mathematics, geometry, history, geomorphology, physics or law, among many others.
Surveying is essential to establish the limits of the land and, thus, determine the ownership thereof. For this, distances, angles and heights are measured with different instruments. These activities can help to delimit private property and political divisions of a land.
The building of bridges, dams and roads also requires the application of surveying. That's why surveyors They are professionals who are needed in different fields and who can work for different types of corporations.
Surveying Engineering It is one of the races that allow the formation of surveyors. These experts can develop plans, study the space where buildings will be built or infrastructure of various kinds will be created, collaborate with the production of cartography and make expert reports.
Among the surveyors that are considered the most important in history are some such as the following:
-The American colonizer Daniel Boone (1734 - 1820), who founded Kentucky and opened Wilderness Road.
-The American explorer William Clark (1770 - 1838), who was part of the well-known Lewis and Clark expedition.
-Andrew Ellicott (1754 - 1820), was another of the most relevant surveyors. He worked on the realization of cartographic maps of both Washington and the surroundings of the District of Columbia.
-The Canadian engineer Sandford Fleming (1827 - 1915) who, in addition to inventor, developed in a remarkable way the surveying. And all for what was both the engineering of the Intercolonial Railroad and the Canadian Pacific Railroad.