The accessibility is the quality of what is accessible . The adjective accessible, meanwhile, refers to what is of understanding or simple understanding.
The concept of accessibility, therefore, is used to name the degree or level in which any human being, beyond his condition Physical or of your cognitive faculties, you can use one thing, enjoy a service or make use of an infrastructure.
There are several technical help to boost accessibility and match the possibilities of all people. This means that a space that has good accessibility conditions can receive all kinds of people without there being any harm or complication for anyone .
Ramps for the disabled, wheelchairs, the Braille alphabet and signals auditory are some of these technical help .
Accessibility means a right which gives an individual the concrete and real possibility to enter, stay and tour a place with security, comfort and the greatest possible autonomy.
Accessibility in computing
Since the first versions of Windows, which is still the most popular operating system worldwide, Microsoft has introduced tools to assist users with various disabilities. One of the first examples is the option to magnify a portion of the desk for easy reading. This virtual magnifying glass, appeared almost two decades ago, was one of the first attempts to help people with vision problems read texts with small sources. Today, the flexibility of programs is such that resizing their content is a part as essential as the rest of the functions.
It is also very popular The command through voice. Basically, it consists of talk to the computer to ask you to perform a wide variety of tasks: open programs, select words and click on a link, among many others. Another very useful purpose of this tool is the dictation of text for the writing of documents without using your hands.
Finally, we have the assistance to colorblind and hearing impaired people. Those who have trouble distinguishing certain colors often find options to cope with them, which may consist, for example, in giving each color a plot or particular design. With regard to the audition, for some years, Youtube has been working on its automatic subtitle generator; Although the result is not perfect, this component is very useful, since in most videos the authors do not take that work.
The danger of unnecessary accessibility
A movement that began with the altruistic purpose of helping people with certain disabilities soon became the trend most popular when developing devices and digital content. It cannot be said that all the products that have managed to transcend the barriers that contained them are empty or have lost their essence; but the last decade has seen a worrying change in terms of the relationship between people and technology.
Only twenty years ago, those who had no motor problems typed their own texts; today, any device assume this task in our place, although not without errors. It was also common to use a faculty called memory, which allowed us to remember phone numbers, birthday dates, and even email addresses. This is no longer necessary, nor normal.
This list of services They provide us with great comfort, and many times it is very positive, especially in an emergency. Also, if we could calculate the magnitude of mental processing that saves this level of assistance, we would surely obtain a considerable result. The expected, therefore, would be for the human being to take advantage of this ability, since unnecessary, to progress, to resolve certain issues that afflicted him in the era of Windows 3.1 and tube TVs. The expected, unfortunately, is far Light years of reality