He process and the consequence of voting they are called vote . This term that now concerns us can say that it has a Latin etymological origin. And it derives from the verb "vote", which can be translated as "making vows" or "expressing a wish." At that time it is considered that, above all, it had a religious sense since the "votum" was the promise made to the gods in order to achieve something concrete.
It should be remembered that voting consists in expressing an election. By example : “The vote to elect the next president of the club will take place tomorrow between 8 and 18 hours”, "The government promises to implement an electronic voting system", “The result of the vote left us very satisfied”.
Voting can be of many types, based on the kind of votes made in them:
-According to the end, the votes can be punitive or useful.
- Based on what are the options they offer, we come across the fact that the votes can be positive, subtractive, blank or null, for example.
-According to the way in which they are carried out, the votes can be face-to-face, by mail, electronic, remote ...
Through a vote, the people They can express their support for a candidate, a proposal or an initiative. Depending on the context, voting can take place in a way public (the voter states out loud or with some gesture what his will is) or secret (The vote is anonymous: nobody knows how each individual votes, only the votes are added to know the results).
Suppose the board of directors of a company analyzes the opening of a new branch. After a debate between the five members, the vote is taken: before the question "Who agrees with the project?", those who are in favor raise their hands to express their vote. As the result of the vote is four votes in favor and one against, the initiative is approved.
To elect the president of a nation On the other hand, in one country a vote is taken among all the inhabitants older than 18 years. In this case, the vote is secret. The people enter alone in an enclosure where there are ballots or ballots with the names of the candidates, they have to choose who they wish to vote and put the paper in an envelope. Then, said envelope is introduced into an urn. At the end of the day, votes are counted throughout the country. The vote will mark the election of a new president for the region in question.
Although it may seem incredible to us now, for many centuries women did not have the right to participate in the voting that elected the political leaders of their countries. Thus, for example, in Spain and after many years of women's struggle like Clara Campoamor, women's suffrage was achieved in 1930.
In a democratic country that boasts, it is determined that the votes that are taken in the voting by citizens must be unique, free, equal, direct and secret.
Currently in television realities such as "Big Brother" we also talk about voting. Specifically, every week viewers, with their phone calls or mobile messages, vote on which contestant they want to be expelled.