The term bureaucracy comes from french bureaucratiewhose root is bureau ("office" ). The concept allows naming the organization which is regulated by standards that seek a rational order in the management and distribution of their affairs.
In addition to the above, it is interesting to establish that there is a Theory of Bureaucracy. This is a theory that began with the clear objective and the need to ensure that the organization of the different companies, especially those that had many employees and a large volume of activity, were "organized" in a rational manner.
From there emerged ideas and proposals such as that of the German economist Max Weber who, between the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, became one of the greatest exponents of this theory. In his case, he considered that the bureaucracy was a rational way of organizing an entity to make it work with precision, clarity, speed and efficiency.
In this sense, for him when establishing such bureaucracy it was essential that it be based on issues such as the division of labor, the hierarchy of authority, rules and regulations, professional commitment, rationality, impersonality in Regarding the application of procedures and written rules or records.
The bureaucracy is also the set of public servers , although the term has a negative connotation: bureaucracy is understood as the inefficient administration for paperwork and formalities, and to excessive influence of officials in public affairs. For example: “Because of the bureaucracy I have to look for the salary receipts of the last thirty years; otherwise, I cannot access the benefit ”, “The bureaucracy at the time of the proceedings made me leave the public university”.
Within that negative meaning of the term bureaucracy that we are analyzing, it is interesting to check it through what are practical cases. Thus, for example, it is established that one of the causes that leads many people to be reluctant to bet on self-employment at some time in their lives is precisely the amount of paperwork that must be done and also the great loss of time that Bring along.
Despite this negative use of the term, the sociology and administrative sciences understand bureaucracy as the structure that is characterized by regularized and explicit procedures . Bureaucracy implies hierarchical and impersonal relationships, the specialization of job and the division of responsibilities.
On the theoretical level, bureaucracy allows the rules dictated by the authorities to be executed precisely and in accordance with procedures already stipulated . In this way, human error is reduced and the process of actions is transparent.
The negative view of bureaucracy arises from the rigidity of these same processes, which can make any type of procedure excessively slow. On the other hand, the bureaucracy does not take into account the alterations that may arise with the daily evolution and that require new solutions for unpublished problems.