Before entering fully to define the word psychotherapy, it is necessary to proceed to establish its etymological origin. This is in the Greek and more specifically in the union of two terms: on the one hand, there is psycho (psyche) that could be translated as “soul” and on the other hand there is therapy (therapy) that would come to mean “treatment”.
Based on this significance, it could be said in a simple way that psychotherapy is the treatment carried out by a health professional (psychotherapist) to ensure that a patient in question can achieve a series of improvements and positive changes in regards to his behavior, his psychic and physical health, the adaptation to the environment or his psychological identity.
In this sense, it is common that many times people come to receive psychotherapy because they have behavioral problems, chronic sadness, inadequate eating patterns, couple conflicts, problems with drug use, school failure or sexual dissatisfaction.
He tie communicative that is established between a psychotherapist (An expert who has prepared to evaluate cadres and propose alternatives to modify the life of those who need your help) and the person requesting their professional services (recognized by the name of patient ) is known as psychotherapy . This treatment is recommended and used when searching increase well-being of the patient and of promote changes in your daily behavior , attitudes and thoughts .
It should be noted that the term psychotherapy is not defined under a specific scientific criterion, but rather allows us to name a wide range of scientific nature that is reflected in different theoretical and practical orientations. Psychotherapy contemplates a wide variety of approaches and theoretical definitions linked to this field that determine different ways of conditioning and addressing communication between the psychotherapist and each of his patients.
Among the different lines of psychotherapy, the current can be mentioned psychoanalytic , the behavioral , the humanist and the constructivist , among other.
It is interesting to mention that there are two aspects that are repeated in all the currents of psychotherapy: direct and personal contact between the specialist and who comes to him to start a treatment, especially through dialogue, and the quality of therapeutic relationship in the context of communication , that is, the help destined to achieve a change in the patient. However, in recent years a new modality of distance psychological intervention has been developed through Internet , known as cyber psychotherapy .
One way is that anyone who, due to problems with professional hours or personal obligations, cannot attend the clinic or a psychotherapist's center. Thus, thanks to the Network and from home and when it suits you, you can be in contact with this professional and receive the treatment you need to end the problem that worries you and is harming you in your daily life.
It is important to note that psychotherapy implies respect and adequacy towards a code of ethics , which marks bases on the Privacy and the confidentiality of the information exchanged within the framework of communication between the psychotherapist and the patient.