With etymological origin in the Latin word Aetas, age Can refer to different issues. In this case, we will take its meaning as each of the periods in which human history can be divided. The old , on the other hand, is something that was developed a long time ago or that has existed for a large amount of time.
In this context, it is called Old age to the period that begins with the irruption of the first civilizations and extends to the fall of the Roman Empire in the western world (year 476). It is, therefore, the first historical age, emerged after the end of the prehistory .
Although there are different positions, it is common for the beginning of the Old age to the irruption of the urban life , the organized religions and the political power . In the Old age also arose taxes and the Commerce . The invention of the writing , on the other hand, was another key aspect in the completion of prehistory and the beginning of the history .
The writing Not only is it important because it allows us to express ourselves artistically and share ideas or news with the rest of the world, but it also helps us to record our experiences as a species, so that future generations can approach us and learn from both our mistakes As of our achievements. This is why the Ancient Age was the first on which the human being could carry out a fairly accurate historiography, based on the numerous documents that describe various historical facts, beliefs and customs.
In the Ancient Age there was a civilization call Mesopotamia , which settled between the Euphrates and Trigris rivers, in the Asian continent. Its political organization varied between the two regions that understood it, the High and the Low Mesopotamia: while in the first the unification was prioritized, in the second the division reigned. This town pioneered the development of writing, along with Egypt. Historians consider it the cradle of civilization , because it laid the foundations of organized political and social forms.
The ancient egyptians They not only made important contributions to the birth of writing but also to the development of architecture. It is a civilization based on the banks of the Nile River that chose for its political organization the monarchy and gave great importance to the priestly class.
If we talk about the Ancient Age, we cannot ignore the Ancient Greece considered the cradle of western culture thanks to his legacy in matters such as art, political organization and philosophy, which even today is still of great relevance to the developing of our species.
He Roman empire , meanwhile, began to emerge around the eighth century BC. C. and reached its apogee in the first century, during the Julio-Claudio dynasty . Its expansion was unprecedented, although it was precisely this excessive growth one of the causes of its subsequent fall.
Many experts recognize, in the Old age , a specific period called Classical antiquity , related to the splendor of the Greco-Roman civilization (since 5th century BC until the 2nd century AD C. ). In these centuries the idea of citizenship was forged, a centralized power was strengthened (the empire ) and the mandatory payment of taxes was extended.
To Old age followed by Middle Ages , also known as Middle Ages . This period began with the aforementioned fall of the Western Roman Empire and lasted until the middle (fall of the Byzantine Empire) or the end (arrival of Christopher Columbus to America) of XV century .