The first step that we are going to take before entering fully into the meaning of the term fracture is to know its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Latin, "fracture", which is exactly the result of the union of two lexical components of that:
-The verb "frango, frangere", which can be translated as "shattering".
-The suffix "-ura", which is used to indicate "action" or "process".
The concept of fracture refers to act and the result of fracturing : break, fragment or break something. The most common use of the term is associated with what happens with a bone when bankruptcy .
For example: “My grandmother is hospitalized because she slipped and suffered a hip fracture”, “When I was a child I fell off a ladder and had an arm fracture”, "The club doctor confirmed that the striker will be several months without playing for the tibia fracture he suffered in the last game".
In the medical field, the fracture is called loss of continuity of a bone , produced when the elastic strength of the bone piece is overcome by traction or force . The fracture can be a small lesion or involve widespread destruction of the bone.
The fracture can be caused by a direct trauma . In this case, the Energy at a stroke it impacts directly on the skin, soft tissue and bone. Fractures can also be generated by indirect trauma or by fatigue .
If the bone breaks but there is no rupture of the skin , the fracture is closed . However, when the bone crosses the skin and reaches the outside, the fracture results open or exposed .
The treatment of a fracture varies according to the type of injury and the affected bone. In general, it can be said that it should be immobilize the damaged bone so that it does not cause other internal damage and to reduce pain. In some cases, the fracture requires a surgical intervention .
Among the most common fractures suffered by many people are those of the fingers, the clavicle, which is very common in athletes; that of the forearm, which is very suffered by children and young people; that of the hip, which usually occurs in the elderly; that of the humerus, which is one of those under 18 years of age ...
For the geology , a fracture occurs when different pieces that are part of a solid body are separated by pressure. The engineering , on the other hand, refers to a fracture when a resistant element is broken.
At the technological level, we cannot ignore the existence of what is known as a digital fracture or digital divide. With this term, we try to make reference to the inequalities that exist between people when it comes to accessing technology, such as the Internet, or in-depth knowledge of its novelties.
Thus, for example, it is considered that there is a gap in this regard between those who live in a large city, such as Madrid, and those who reside in a small town practically lost, such as Espinosa de Almanza, located in the autonomous community of Castile and Leon
The idea of fracture, finally, is used in the field of politics to indicate a division or separation of a political party, an organization or a set of individuals.