The term alphabet derives from the Latin word alphabētum, which in turn has its origin in the first letters of the Greek language: alpha and beta. An alphabet is made up of symbols which are used within the framework of a system that allows communication.
Precisely the Greek alphabet is composed of a total of 24 letters and is considered to date from the 9th century B.C. It seems that the Greeks were inspired or departed, to a certain extent, from what the Phoenicians had created to shape theirs, which begins with the alpha letter and ends in the omega.
The concept is used as a synonym for alphabet : the ordered sequence of letters of a language . He latin alphabet , also know as roman alphabet , is the one used in Spanish, English, German, French, Italian, Portuguese and other languages.
The Latin alphabet is composed of 26 main letters, starting with the TO and ending in the Z . According to the language, certain letters are added: in Spanish, for example, the letter must be added Ñ . It should be noted that the alphabets are modified with the passage of history. Previously, in the Latin alphabet used in Spanish-speaking countries the letters were included CH and LL , which were then eliminated.
There are alphabets that transcend conventional writing. He braille It can be considered as a method or an alphabet. It is the reading and writing system created by Louis Braille for individuals suffering from blindness, which develops with raised points that people They must touch to recognize the signs.
He alphabet or Morse code On the other hand, it consists of signals that are emitted intermittently. Created from telegraph signals that are recognized as points or stripes according to its duration, this alphabet allows to find the equivalence between the signal and the traditional letters.
In the same way, we cannot forget what is known as the alphabet by words. It is a system in which each word represents a letter and is used as a means of communication between two or more people through the radio or similar. In particular, given its accuracy, it is used, above all, in the field of navigation both at air and even at sea level. An example of this is the alphabet of the ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization).
To all of the above we can add that now a dangerous game has become fashionable among Primary children that responds to the name of the alphabet or alphabet game. It consists of a child beginning to say aloud the alphabet of his language and with each letter of the same express a word. All this must be done while another child is engaged, with his fingernails or a sharp object, to hurt him on the back of his hands.
It is an activity that is of great concern to parents and school groups because it is considered that it can be used as a tool for bullying.