A institution is a established or founded thing . It's about a body that fulfills a public interest function . For example: “The bishop called to collaborate with charities to help those who need it most”, “An educational institution in the city presented a new writing contest”, "The official visited a cultural institution and promised the delivery of a subsidy".
Institution can be used as a synonym for Institute , organization or entity, depending on the context. In some cases, it is the same to speak of a "educational institution" that of a "Educational Institute" or of one “Educational organization”.
The institution, however, is not always a physical place. The Standards of Conduct and the customs that govern a society They are also considered institutions. In this sense, an institution is a structure of the social order that governs the functioning of a society. Bowing by way of greeting or crossing yourself when entering a church are social institutions.
Another use of the term is linked to the person what deserves special respect or consideration for their moral, intellectual values, etc. : “Ernesto Sábato is an institution in Argentine literature”, "Little by little, this artist was becoming an institution of Latin American culture and today is revered by his peers and the general public", “I think I still have a lot to be considered as a music institution”.
It is known by the name of mental institution or hospital Psychiatric to a health center that is dedicated to diagnosing and treating diseases related to the mind. One of its main features is that offers accommodation to their patients, just like a general hospital. On the other hand, it is also common that this type of establishment does not cover disorders that are outside the domain of psychiatry.
The origin of the mental institutions were the madhouses, term that currently serves as a synonym in everyday speech. The more you investigate the history From these unique centers, more frightening experiences come to light. It is known that one of the ways in which they treated people who showed certain disorders hard to control It was tying them with chains. During the period it became known as the first psychiatric revolution, a French doctor named Philippe Pinel, specializing in this field, managed to ensure that such torture was no longer used, and that the patients received a considered treatment.
It is important to note that the mentally ill have not yet been fully accepted at the social level; Very often derogatory or mocking attitudes are observed by apparently healthy people towards those who suffer from any of the many disorders known today. The means of communication they give us a confusing and contradictory message: on the one hand they inform us of campaigns for the tolerance of diversity, and at the same time they sell us a humor based on the mockery of others' misfortunes, without limits or compassion.
Decades ago, the contempt that these people received was greater than today, and many of them were sent to mental institutions so that they will embarrassto their families, regardless of the endless humiliation and torture to which they were subjected, among which were physical and sexual assaults, without neglecting experiments with drugs and electric shocks, and subjecting them to long periods of isolation in Dark cells Needless to say, all these measures did nothing but worsen the situation of the patients, and that many of them died before, by any miracle, someone deigned to return their freedom.
The political institutions Finally, they refer to the fundamental organizations of a State or nation . These institutions are the organs of sovereign power in the territory in question.