The general meaning of the concept of common benefit Alludes to what can be used or used by all people . In other words: from a common good, all individuals of one community .
From this idea, the notion is used with different nuances or scopes in different fields. For the philosophy , the commons are shared by the members of a society, who benefit from them. It is not only about physical goods, but also symbolic or abstract goods.
The common good, in this sense, is also an end of society . He State , as a governing body, it has to protect and promote the common good since it results in benefits for the inhabitants. The social conditions that guarantee freedom, justice and peace and the equitable distribution of essential material goods are part of the common good.
It should be noted that the common good is not formed with the sum of the goods of each individual. The common good is indivisible and it can only be achieved and increased from the collaboration of the various members of the community.
Within the philosophy we have to emphasize that a series of essential characteristics of the so-called common good are established. Specifically, among the most significant we can highlight the following:
-This is something objective.
-On occasions, it can be confused with what is quality of life or well-being. However, they are different things. Thus, these two terms refer to what is the objective or goal of society but from the point of view of the autonomous individual.
-It is aimed at satisfying the progress of individuals and for that, among other things, it must be based on truth and justice.
-It is closely and clearly linked to what human nature is.
- Based on the fact that the common good is totally opposed to private interest, it is considered to be binding on the State. That is to say, that means that public authorities must, therefore, act in such a way that they seek to achieve that. In the same way, therefore, it can be said that the very reason of the said public powers is the common good.
-In the same way, the fact that it comes to encompass man as a whole stands out. That is, you must bet on encompassing both your spiritual and physical requirements.
- Within the set of characteristics that stand out from the common good is also that it comes to force the citizen.
In the field of economy , the common good can be understood in different ways. The common good can be considered as something that maximizes the socioeconomic well-being of all people. Also as what is usufruct of the community in general.
It can be argued, finally, that a common good is something whose property It is not private (does not belong to any person). Sunlight, in this framework, is a common good: it cannot be privatized and is freely available.