As reported by Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) in his dictionary, a dogma is a postulate that is valued for its firm and true condition and which is recognized as a irrefutable statement in front of which there is no room for replicas.
The term is native to Greek and its meaning is doctrine or opinion set . In philosophy, dogmatism is the school that ensures that the human being through reason can know the absolute truth, as long as he uses certain methods and a pre-established order of investigation. Ensures that contact between subject and object of knowledge is absolutely possible.
He dogma , according to specialists, offers fundamentals and bases regarding a system , a doctrine , a religion or one science . In the case of Christianity , dogma is a doctrine of God that has been revealed to mankind by Jesus Christ and that has the backing of the Church.
Some words that derive from the term are dogmatism and dogmatic . They are generally used, both as dogma, in a Christian religious context, however these words are not absolute of this religion, in fact they appear in most creeds and can also be used from a point of view scientific or philosophical .
He dogmatism it is the tendency to establish formulas that express knowledge as truths impossible to debate, beyond the investigation , the review and the exchange of opinions . The politics and the philosophy they can acquire a dogmatic character, which ends up defending ideas in an uncritical and conformist way.
In its origin, the concept of dogma was linked to a rule, rule or decree imposed by some authority . It was also used to refer to the opinion of a philosophical school. However, as the Church gained authority, the term was directly associated with the idea of theological dogma. In this way, those philosophers who were not critical of certain concepts related to the origins, and who blindly accepted ecclesiastical determinations received the nickname of dogmatics; In contrast to them, inquisitive and critical philosophers were considered skeptical.
Nowadays Dogmatism linked to ecclesiastical ideas can be understood from three different perspectives:
* From the point of view of naive realism , which admits the possibility that certain things exist without seeking proof of them. This realism is closely related to vulgar knowledge.
* From the perspective of the doctrinal trust , the existence of a truth is accepted without seeking evidence of it, since the absolute truth of the doctrine is trusted.
* And from the lack of critical reflection , where the authority of a certain doctrine is accepted and with it everything that is proposed in it as absolute. An absolute submission to a certain belief.
He dogmatism , as Comte puts it, far from being an ideological position is an attitude towards knowledge. A person who lives in a dogmatic attitude, dispenses with the review and the analysis to understand the theories, simply assumes them as real or true. To be more exact it could be cataloged, as a intellectual fundamentalism , where reason performs an almost passive action, a work that is not linked to criticism.
Finally, it should be noted that Dogma it's a movie directed by Kevin Smith and released in 1999 . Among its protagonists stand out Ben Affleck , Matt Damon , Chris Rock , Salma Hayek and Alanis Morissette .
On the other hand, Dogma 95 it is a film stream that was born in 1995 on the impulse of the filmmakers of Danish origin Lars von Trier , Thomas Vinterberg , Kristian Levring and Soren Kragh-Jacobsen , which seeks to generate films without modifications in post-production and with special interest in dramatic development.
Among the main films of Dogma 95 stand out The celebration (from Vinterberg ), The idiots (from von Trier ) and Mifune (from Kragh-Jacobsen ).