What is fair and what is not? Hard to know and define it. The Justice It depends on the values of a society and the individual beliefs of each person.
The concept has its origin in the Latin term iustitĭa and it allows to denominate the cardinal virtue that supposes the inclination to grant to each one what belongs to him or concerns him. Justice can be understood as what should be done according to reasonable , what equitable or as indicated by the right .
For example: "I want there to be justice and the guilty to be convicted", "There is no justice in the world! I work ten hours a day and it is barely enough for me to buy food", "No society can achieve peace without justice".
On the other hand, justice refers to Power of attorney and to the sanctions or penalties . In this way, when the society "Ask for justice" in the face of a crime, what he does is ask the State that guarantees that the crime is tried and punished with the penalty it deserves according to the law in force.
Based on this meaning, several examples could be presented that serve to understand it much better. This is how the following are found: “The president of the Court Chamber was in charge of delivering justice and convicting the detainee” or “After trying to resolve the conflict through dialogue and not achieving the expected results, Miguel went to the justice to put an end to the unpleasant events that confronted him with his neighbor. ”
In general, it is possible to affirm that justice has a cultural support (according to the consensus shared at the social level about what is good and what is bad) and a formal foundation (which implies a certain codification in written laws that are applied by courts or judges).
In this sense, it should be stressed that justice is usually symbolized by the figure of a woman who carries a balanced scale in her hand and has her eyes covered with a bandage. Hence, the expression "justice is blind" is often used on a regular basis.
With that phrase, what is attempted is to make it clear that justice does not “look” at the one who must judge to act arbitrarily, but quite the opposite. That is, it acts in an equitable manner and always treating all citizens equally regardless of race, sex, sexual condition, origin ... We are all equal before the law.
Principles that, however, have not always been maintained throughout history. For those responsible for delivering justice at certain times or events have taken off the bandage to act as they pleased and always based on who was the person they had to judge.
This has happened in a particularly significant way during the stage that the Inquisition was running or during Hitler's regime. In the latter case, the Jews were stripped of all their rights or freedoms.
Regarding the religion , justice is a attribute that belongs to God and that allows you to sort things according to merits. Divine justice, therefore, is linked to the provisions of divinity to reward or punish each person.