Pneumonia is the name that receives a disease that affects the lungs or certain sectors of them. The condition is usually caused by the action of the pneumococcus , a bacterium that can produce different kinds of infections in the body. Due to the name of this microorganism, pneumonia is also usually called pneumonia .
There are different types of pneumonia, depending on their degree of incidence or their origin. One can speak, in this way, of:
* interstitial pneumonia : This is a group of disorders in the lungs characterized by inflammation and damage to the woven deep lungs The name derives from interstice, tissue that envelops the air sacs called alveoli, which absorb oxygen and swell during breathing. The disease in question prevents the correct expansion of the alveoli since the interstitium hardens. The consequence is a decrease in the amount of oxygen that enters the body;
* lobular pneumonia : this kind of pneumonia is also known as lobar or segmental and is characterized by the presence of injuries in large part of the lung or in a complete lobe. Normally, it compromises or affects the total structures of the affected area. In addition to the matt (dry, dull) sound that is perceived during a percussion, auscultation returns what is called as tubal puff, a sound similar to that produced while blowing the peak of an empty container;
* bronchopulmony : It is an inflammatory and, in general, infectious process that compromises the bronchi and lungs. It is also known by the name of bronchopneumonia. It usually presents as a continuation of bronchiolitis or bronchitis previous and appears very often especially during breastfeeding (since the person has less means to defend against pathogenic microorganisms, high or low virulence) and old age (very often when they suffer from a serious disease);
* community acquired pneumonia : since the most common name of this disorder has the word pneumonia instead of pneumonia, the acronym by which it is known is NAC . It is an infectious disease that appears specifically in people who have not been admitted to a hospital recently . Age is not a determining factor, nor is the country of residence. It is important to note that it is among the Causes of most prominent mortality. The way in which someone can acquire this disease is by aspirating or inhaling fungi, bacteria, parasites or viruses, among other pathogenic microorganisms.
The development of pneumonia implies a inflammation of the lung tissue, which causes pain and cough . Other symptoms of the disease are the appearance of fever, the pains in the muscles, headache, chills, shortness of breath, slowness to overcome a simple cold or flu, and nausea.
The chest x-ray It is the most common method to diagnose pneumonia. The doctor may also request an analysis of blood to confirm the infection and identify its cause.
Importantly, pneumonia always requires medical care . It is even a life-threatening disease, especially in the elderly and in individuals suffering from immune depression. The cough and the sneezes of those infected cause pneumonia to spread easily.
Typically, pneumonia can be treated without hospitalization. The doctor will prescribe certain antibiotics (such as erythromycin or amoxicillin) and to order repose to the patient. When the person is elderly or evidence of breathing problems, is likely to be admitted to a hospital so that their care is intensive and thus avoid possible complications.