Projection comes from latin proiectio and mentions the actions and the results of to project (cause the reflection of an enlarged image on a surface, make the figure of an object become visible on another, develop a plan to achieve something).
The projection, therefore, may be the image that is formed, temporarily, on a body flat. To achieve this, some type of focus is used. In this sense, the exhibition of films Through a projector it is also known as projection. For example: "Tomorrow I will attend the screening of the latest Spielberg movie at the club", "I don't want to miss the projection of the game on the big screen".
The graphic projection On the other hand, it is the procedure that the artists develop to achieve the representation of a body on a surface. The person it must start from the focus and draw auxiliary lines to reflect the object in question on a plane. The projection focus, the point to be projected, the point that is actually projected, the line known as the projection and the projection plane are the main elements of the graphic projection.
The projection is also an estimate about the potential situation of a company or the progress of a plan, for example, at a particular point in the future ("Our projections speak of a 10% sales growth in the next five years") or the level of impact or scope of a person or event (“This player has an important international projection”, “The congress scandal was a fact of international projection”).
The projection in psychology
For the psychology , the projection represents a Defense mechanism that takes place when emotions go through conflicting stages, whether due to internal or external causes, and consists in assigning to other individuals or even things of their own feelings, ideas or reactions that cannot be accepted, given that when trying to feel identified with they suffer a state of great anxiety that causes rejection, as if it were an incompatible organ.
In principle, Freud used this concept by referring to a phenomenon present in patients suffering from a case of paranoia; later, it was unanimously accepted to talk about a type of mechanism that takes place in any psychic structure, even considered "normal"We often encounter aspects of our person that do not conform us, or we have spontaneous thoughts that are not governed in any way by our values or our morals, and it is difficult for us to accept them as our own, and then we project them into someone or something of Inadvertent and almost innocent way.
One of the most used cases to exemplify the projection is that of a person who cannot face infidelity on the part of his partner and makes himself believe that another subject, probably a friend, is living this reality. The go to contained by the impossibility of speaking with the unfaithful being and demanding an explanation, or breaking the relationship, or solving it in some way, generates aggressive impulses against someone else. The most interesting thing is that the projection can have several forms and in this case, it could push the deceit victim to transfer both his personal situation and the attitude of his partner to an acquaintance, and the results would be clearly different.
In the first example, when another person is victimized so as not to suffer the hurt in his own flesh, he tends to feel sorry for her; on the other hand, when the role that is projected is that of the infidel, it is very likely that there is a wave of aggression towards the other subject that grows until control of the situation is lost, unless there is an adequate treatment that acts at weather.