Protrusion is the process and the result of bulge . East verb refers to the action performed by a organ when excels from its normal location or it moves beyond its limits, either for its own cause of nature or for some type of pathology.
Among the most common protrusions are the hernias , which consist of the output of a tissue or of a organ outside the body spaces in which they are normally found.
A hernia can be congenital or acquired from different circumstances (such as excessive effort, the development of overweight or a traumatic injury). The protrusion in question may appear in different parts of the body , which allows hernias to be classified in different ways.
The umbilical hernia , for example, is that protrusion that affects the abdominal cavity due to a problem in the closure of the navel. It is a disorder that must be resolved from a surgical intervention.
In the case of inguinal hernia , the protrusion also appears in the abdominal cavity, although it is associated with what happens in the inguinal canal
On the other hand is the brain herniation : as the name suggests, the protrusion is inside the skull and it is caused by a sudden increase in intercranial pressure.
The protrusions usually need some kind of medical attention. When the professional diagnoses the existence of a hernia, the most common treatment implies a surgery corrective
He disk scrolling or disc protrusion , consists of a displacement of the disk intervertebral that causes neurological complications. It is one of the most serious types of protrusion, since the vertebrae and the discs that provide them with cushioning allow us to bend and flex the body, rotate in both directions and perform much of our daily movements; Therefore, an injury to any of these essential components of our body can deprive us of normal mobility, in addition to causing severe back pain.
As with many other disorders, the effectiveness of the treatment depends largely on the moment at which the disc protrusion is detected , through its symptoms and sign ; Some of the complications that can be prevented are chronic pain, muscle weakness and loss of certain basic functions such as sphincter control.
The discs not only cushion the vertebrae but also offer protection to the bones, preventing them from rubbing against each other. Over the years, its size begins to be reduced to wear, and in the same way its performance ceases to be the same, facts that are perceived through a certain rigidity and a more limited movement of the spine.
Although often used as synonyms, disk protrusion differs from disc herniation : in the first case, the disk remains intact; the hernia causes breakage, breakage or some type of hurt in the disk, which results in the escape of the jelly substance that resides inside.
With respect to symptom The most common is pain in the lower back, which can range from mild to acute, usually due to the pressure the nerves suffer from the protruding disc. Many patients also experience what is known as sciatica, a pathology that usually begins in this way and then extend the pain to one or both legs. Any attempt to perform a simple movement, such as sitting or walking, can intensify the pain . It is also normal to feel the limbs numb or weaken.