Petroglyph is a word that has its etymological origin in the Greek. Specifically, it means "etched on rock" and is made up of two distinct parts:
-The noun "petra", which means "stone."
- "Glyphos", which can be translated as "recorded".
Petroglyph is the Recorded which, in prehistory, developed over stones . Primitive human beings, thus, hit the rocks and peeling them to leave certain marks.
To develop a petroglyph, the person He worked on the surface of the rock, lifting it little by little according to the design in question. For this I could chop the material, subject it to abrasion or scratch it.
Thanks to the petroglyphs, prehistoric men could communicate and leave records on the stones, so it is considered to be technique It is a distant history of writing.
Petroglyphs are part of what is known as rock art . These images do not constitute a language or imply a written message, unlike hieroglyphs , the pictographs and other methods. What petroglyphs do is to capture drawings that allow them to display a scene or tell, in a way, a story.
Specifically, it is considered that there are four large groups of petroglyphs:
-Geometric, where both circles and squares appear, crosses ...
-Objects, in which really identifiable things are reflected such as bows, arrows, cars ...
-Abstracts, where the representation is clearly distinguished.
-Figurative. In this case, as the name implies, figures appear, whether human or animal.
It is possible to find petroglyphs in various parts of the world. In Latin America , there are Miculla petroglyphs , for example, that are in the Peruvian territory.
The Asian continent, meanwhile, houses the Wadi Rum petroglyphs (Jordan ), which are among the most famous in the world. These engravings are located in an area that has been declared World Heritage by UNESCO .
Spain , Sweden , Norway and Italy , among others, are European countries with important historical petroglyphs, as well as Cameroon , Libya , Gabon and Egypt in Africa . As you can see, the technique It came to expand throughout the world.
In the case of Spain, one of the places with petroglyphs responds to the name of Laberintos de Mogor, in Galicia. Currently three of the seven large groups of engravings that have been preserved and become a perfect rock art are preserved. They are dated in the period between 3,000 and 2,000 BC.
However, in this country we must not forget the cave site of Aripe, the petroglyphs of Taganana, the archaeological park of Bentayga, the petroglyphs of Freixo or the archaeological park of Campo Lameiro.
In the field of literature we also find books with the term in question. Thus, within the children's narrative is "Detective owl 2: Operation Petroflyph". This tells how Carla and some friends go on vacation to Galicia, to a camp in the Ancares, where they will discover the mysteries of some rock carvings.